Human Olfaction #2
- Valentina Parma (SISSA - Cognitive Neuroscience)
Prof. Monique Smeets (Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands Science Leader Strategic Science Group, Unilever R&D, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands)
10/6/17, 2:00 PM
Pheromones – chemical messengers that convey a sender’s state or trait to a receiver – have long been controversial and may be considered more as a marketing tool to sell perfume than a robust scientific phenomenon. However, over the past years empirical evidence has accumulated demonstrating that humans can pick up dynamic states (e.g. emotion, sickness) and enduring traits (e.g. gender, age)...
10. Olfactory associative learning during human sleep: Interplay between sleep stages, slow wave oscillations and behavior
Dr Anat Arzi (Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK)
10/6/17, 2:20 PM
Recent finding suggests that humans can learn novel information during sleep, and that this information can modulate behavior during wakefulness in a sleep stage-dependent manner. Specifically, new associations learned during non rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) had larger and longer lasting influence on behavior than associations learned during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. NREM sleep,...
Ms Moa Peter (Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden)
10/6/17, 2:40 PM
Behavioral and neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that auditory and visual sensory loss leads to neuronal reorganization and promotes enhanced abilities in certain aspects of the remaining sensory modality. In contrast, neuronal reorganization and cross-modal compensation in anosmia (olfactory loss) has obtained very little attention. The sparse existing literature provides mixed results...